Joe Sample - “Rainbow Seeker II”
Mario Bauzá & the creation of Afro-Cuban/Latin jazz.
Born in Havana, Cuba in 1911, Mario Bauzá was a heavily gifted musician from an early age. At the tender age of 9, he was already skilled clarinetist, playing for the Havana Philharmonic Orchestra. By 14 he’d garnered himself a spot under Cuban pianist and bandleader Antonio Mariá Romeu.
In 1930 and at the age of 19, Bauzá traded Havana for New York City and switched his instrumental focus from clarinet to trumpet. For a brief period Bauzá would find his niche in the newly blossoming musical style Big band, working under American jazz bandleader Chick Webb.
Whilst working with Webb, Bauzá went to discover a then unknown Ella Fitzgerald and befriend eventual Jazz titan Dizzy Gillespie. After his stint with Webb, Bauzá worked for another Jazz legend, Cab Calloway. As a member of Calloway’s band Bauzá helped a then unknown Gillespie earn a spot in Calloway’s roster, launching the career of one of jazz’s biggest icons. Gillespie was known for fusing American jazz, which grew out of African American communities in the 1900s, with Afro-Cuban sounds.
Bauzá’s greatest attribution to music, however, was his inadvertent creation of Afro-Cuban or Latin Jazz. Forming his own band called “The Afro-Cubans”, Bauza would fuse traditional Latin Rhythms with jazz harmonies , improvisation, and clave - a rhythmic pattern with roots in Sub-Saharan African music traditions.
"Tanga" the first song officially thought of or considered to be Afro-Cuban jazz, was originally considered a descarga - or simply ‘Cuban music’- with jazz elements. Bauzá's creation eventually grew, becoming very popular and earning Latin jazz a permanent spot in the jazz landscape.
This is about celebrating the rap albums from 1994, arguably the greatest year in the history of the genre. This is not a difficult thing to understand, so I will do my best in the coming moments not to make it so. In fact, I will do the least difficult thing I can think of, which is to answer fake questions that I’m asking myself. [Read More…]
Syreeta - “I’m Goin’ Left”
Message to Black America: It’s unlikely that the lawmakers or their agents will ever admit when they’re guilty of a crime. Just us. Message to Black America: It’s unreasonable to think that a syste…
This is the “Juicy” Standardized Test. This is not the Fill in the Blank “Juicy” quiz, or the True/False “Juicy” quiz, or the Word Bank Matching “Juicy” Quiz. You won’t be able to weasel your way through it by simply connecting words in the questions that rhyme with words in the responses. This is an adaptation of several statewide exams (New York and Texas, mostly), designed to replicate the rigor of those tests by asserting tiered, higher-order questioning.
It’s 10 questions long. And every question is rooted in “Juicy”-dom. If you’re not very familiar with the song, don’t even bother. Because this is the nerdiest rap thing.
Scroll to the end to see the answer key.
And don’t sit there trying to answer the questions with a browser window opened to a “Juicy” lyrics page. Don’t be a dolt.
Good luck. I hope that you do not die here today.
Patrice Rushen - “Jubilation”